FAQ - Material Sorting

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Where do the materials I sort and place in eco-containers go to? Is it true that the materials put in eco-containers are all mixed up inside the collection vehicle?  

A very common question among citizens is if materials are mixed up after being sorted by them. People often have the misconception that paper/cardboard and packaging are mixed up inside the collection vehicle. There's also the misconception that recyclable materials are mixed up with unsorted waste. The following explanation will hopefully demystify these false ideas:
The recyclable materials disposed of in eco-containers, which are placed near public roads, are collected by proper vehicles (usually, with a crane), which are not prepared for the collection of unsorted waste (placed in the conventional 4 wheel green containers for unsorted waste; this is collected by vehicles with tilt devices and compaction systems).
In case of deep collection eco-containers (molok), materials are also collected by vehicles with cranes; in this case, the vehicles are similar to those used for the collection of deep collection containers for unsorted waste, but the similarities are limited to the type of vehicle.
All recyclable materials collected from public road eco-containers or moloks are transported to Lipor's Sorting Plant, by proper vehicles and through specific circuits, and no materials are mixed up (with the exception of materials mixed up by citizens due to lack of knowledge or carelessness);
All cargo that comes from eco-containers is inspected, according to the regulations of the Quality, Environmental and Safety Certification of the Sorting Plant.
The unsorted waste is sent to Lipor II (Energy Recovery Plant) and the reception process is similar to that of the Sorting Plant, because the Energy Recovery Plant also has a Quality, Environmental and Safety Certification.
With this process we ensure that recyclable materials from eco-containers are properly transported to the Sorting Plant without being mixed up with unsorted waste. For optimisation reasons, some vehicles collect 2 different types of recyclable materials (e.g. paper and packaging), however, the materials are placed in different compartments and discharged in different areas at the Sorting Plant.
Lastly, recyclable waste should always be placed inside the eco-containers (or collected through specific circuits, such as door-to-door circuits) and not near the containers, on the floor (often near containers for unsorted waste), as they may be collected as unsorted waste, because the type of vehicles used for the collection of recyclable waste (with cranes) don't allow the collection of waste placed outside the eco-containers.

May I place glass perfume bottles in the green eco-container (glass)?

Now you may place glass perfume bottles in the green eco-container (glass)!
You don't need to wash them, just place them in the eco-container preferably empty, i. e., without perfume. If there's a small residue that you cannot eliminate, it's ok.

What about cream jars and other make up products?

Cream jars and other make up products with glass containers should be placed in the green container. Porcelain and ceramic containers should not go into the green container, but into the unsorted waste container.


Where can I dispose of cement bags? 

CEMENT BAGS mixed up with paper/cardboard materials can damage the recycling equipment, interrupt the recycling process and damage the final product.
The presence of one single cement bag in a paper/cardboard batch results in the rejection of the whole load in a recycling process. For this reason, cement bags are not allowed in eco-containers and drop-off sites.
LIPOR's Sorting Plant also sorts the waste which was selectively disposed of by the population, packs and sends it to the recycling industry. The Sorting Plant has two sorting lines, where paper/cardboard and metal and plastic packages are sorted.
Cements Bags belong to Unsorted Waste!

Why shouldn't we place in eco-containers and drop-off sites other types of glass, besides glass bottles, demijohns, glass jars and perfume glass? 

The glass used for packaging, which can be placed in eco-containers and drop-off sites, has a specific composition.
The glass collected will be used as cullet to produce new glass packaging, so it is necessary to ensure that no other types of glass are mixed up in the cullet used in the recycling process.
Glass crockery, crystal items, ceramic Cosmetic recepients (please note that, Glass cosmetics recepients may be deposited at the glass Ecocontainer!), among other glass products we use daily have chemical compositions which are different from that of glass bottles, so they cannot be placed in the selective collection containers (eco-containers and drop-off sites).

What shall I do with used cooking oils?

Unfortunately, most of the times used cooking oils - UCO - (sunflower, soya, olive oil) are poured down the sink.
This is a voluntary or involuntary mistake which has environmental impact!
Separating used cooking oils has many environmental, social and economic advantages, as it will allow a proper final handling of this type of waste. Some of the most important advantages are the avoidance of water contamination (one litre of cooking oil contaminates about 1 million litres of water, which is the average amount of water a person consumes in 14 years!), the conservation of pipes, the proper operation of Waste Water Treatment Plants and the adoption of an exemplary attitude of a citizen who is aware of the current problems that influence the future of the planet and the next generations.
The sorted UCO are disposed of in specific containers ("oleões"), collected and sent to recycling, to be used namely for the production of natural soap or biodiesel (biofuel).
These specific containers for UCO exist currently in all associated municipalities, within LIPOR's area of intervention. Find your nearest container for UCO disposal
If you can't use one of these collection points, store the cooking oils in plastic bottles or absorb the oil with used paper napkins and place them in the unsorted waste container. This way you won't damage or contaminate watercourses! 

I want to buy a new refrigerator. What should I do with the used one? 

When you decide to dispose of an appliance, you can choose one of three options: exchange the used appliance for a new one, use a selective collection circuit or donate it. If the appliance still works, many institutions would be happy to receive it.
When you buy a new electrical appliance (toaster, microwave, television, washing machine, etc.) you can hand over the used one to the store, for free, as long as it is the same type of appliance, with the same function. This also applies to home delivery services.
You can also contact your City Council and ask for the collection of large domestic items or dispose of them in drop-off sites or any other authorised waste reception centres.
The appliances collected are then sent to the proper facilities to be (totally or partially) reused or dismantled and recycled.

What should I do with fluorescent lamps? 

Don't throw these lamps away with unsorted waste and, more importantly, don't place them in the green container (for glass). Fluorescent or discharge lamps cannot be disposed of with unsorted waste, because they contain hazardous substances that should be collected separately.
When these bulbs burn out, you can hand them over, for free, to the establishment where you're going to buy the new lamp. You can also dispose of them in collection centres for waste electrical and electronic equipment or drop-off sites that receive this type of waste.
Economic lamps can be placed together with fluorescent lamps. 

What should I do with filament lamps? 

Conventional filament lamps can be disposed of together with unsorted waste. Low voltage lamps should be placed in drop-off sites or specific collection centres for WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment). 

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